Central Asian Shepherd Dog

Breed Summary

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a dog of great size, with massive bone structure and powerful muscles. The body is slightly longer than tall. The head is massive. Ears are normally cropped close to the head but are naturally small, drop, and set low on the head. The tail is high set and thick at the base, and when undocked, hangs down to the hock with a sickle shape. Two coat lengths are accepted, but all are double-coated and thick. Gender differences are well expressed in this breed. Males are more massive and powerful; females are smaller and lighter in build. Dogs should be presented in hard, muscular condition.

Country of Origin: Central Asia, Turkmenistan, Russia, Afghanistan, Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan

AKC Breed Popularity:

AKC Classification: Foundation Stock Service

UKC Classification: Guardian dog

Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day

Height: Female: 25-27 inches.; 25.5-27.5 inches

Weight: Female: 88-110 lbs.; Male: 88-110 lbs.

Physical traits: Large, Strong, Well-balanced

Coat: Length: Short

Characteristics: Long haired

Colors: Black, White, Brindle, Piebald, Rust, Deadgrass, Grey

Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate

Personality traits/Temperament: Independent, Courageous, Self-Confident

Energy Level: Laid back

Tendency to Drool: High

Tendency to Snore: Low

Tendency to Bark: High

Tendency to Dig: Low

Social/Attention Needs: Moderate


The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has less inherited genetic diseases than a majority of the man-made breeds, but still requires clearances of hip dysplasia to take the place of natural selection. Their life expectancy is 15 to 17 years. Some dogs can develop itchy skin conditions where baths with a high-quality dog shampoo and conditioner is recommended. Flea control is also essential. Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Central Asian Shepherd Dog can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders use genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.


You are going to want to feed your Central Asian Shepherd Dog a formula that will cater to his unique digestive needs throughout the various phases of his life. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large, and extra-large breeds. Add a high-quality dog multivitamin to complete the nutritional circle. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are a large-extra-large breed. What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine the frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.


Extremely independent and intelligent, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog can prove difficult to train for obedience but not impossible. Although active while outdoors, they are usually fairly quiet in the house. Prospective owners should take note: the breed is highly protective of their family and property, so it may be difficult to bring people into your home.


Central Asian Shepherd Dogs do best with a large yard and are suitable for families that like daily walks. Use paw balm daily to protect their feet. For safety, because they are an intelligent and independent breed, they should be kept contained when exercised, such as in a fenced yard and on-leash when being walked. Even though it is a low energy dog, he should have good endurance for walking and hiking. Some breeders encourage endurance tests.

Fun Fact

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is possibly the oldest breed in existence today, and the breed's ancestry can be traced back over 5,000 years.


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