Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Breed Summary

The Caucasian Ovcharka is a powerful, athletic dog, strongly muscled, and heavily boned in proportion to height. The head is large, wedge-shaped, and tapers slightly to a blunt muzzle with high-set hanging ears, which may be cropped, and deep-set, oval-shaped eyes. The thick tail hangs down to the hock but may be carried above the back as a sickle-shaped hook or ring when the dog is excited or moving. Three coat lengths are accepted, all double-coated and thick. Coat colors include shades of agouti grey, fawn, and reddish, with white markings and often a dark facial mask. Solid white dogs with dark pigmentation occur occasionally in the breed.

Country of Origin: Russia

AKC Breed Popularity:

AKC Classification: Foundation Stock Service

UKC Classification: Guardian dog

Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day

Height: Female: 20-25 inches.; Male: 23-30 inches

Weight: Female: 99-170 lbs.; Male: 99-170 lbs.

Physical traits: Powerful, Large, Strong

Coat: Length: Medium

Characteristics: Double coated

Colors: Black, White, Fawn, Cream, Rust, Grey

Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate

Personality traits/Temperament: Fearless, Bold, Kind

Energy Level: Laid back

Tendency to Drool: High

Tendency to Snore: Low

Tendency to Bark: High

Tendency to Dig: Low

Social/Attention Needs: Moderate

Life Expectancy: 10-12 years


Caucasian Ovcharkas are healthy dogs. Their life expectancy is 10 to 12 years. Some dogs can develop itchy skin conditions where baths with a high-quality dog shampoo and conditioner is recommended. Flea control is also essential. Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Caucasian Ovcharka can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders use genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.


You are going to want to feed your Caucasian Shepherd Dog a formula that will cater to his unique digestive needs throughout the various phases of his life. Add a high-quality dog multivitamin to complete the nutritional circle. You should continue the food your breeder recommends until your puppy is at least 6 months old (unless there is an interesting reason to change). Reputable breeders will help you ensure that your puppy receives proper nutrition with quality foods that help him/her grow healthily. When it’s time to change, many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large, and extra-large breeds. Caucasian Shepherds are a large-extra-large breed. A good general rule is to avoid kibbles with low-quality ingredients, as these are not digestible.


Extremely independent and intelligent, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog can prove difficult to train for obedience but not impossible. Although active while outdoors, they are usually fairly quiet in the house. Prospective owners should take note: the breed is highly protective of their family and property, so it may be difficult to bring people into your home.


Caucasian Shepherds do best with a large yard and are suitable for families that like daily walks. For safety, because they are an intelligent and independent breed, they should be kept contained when exercised, such as in a fenced yard and on-leash when being walked. Use paw balm daily to protect their feet. Even though it is a low energy dog, he should have good endurance for walking and hiking. Some breeders encourage endurance tests.

Fun Fact

Traditionally, the ears of this breed are cropped. This is a practice that continues in many countries.


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5. Dog Breeds | Types of Dogs | Purina. [accessed 2020 Nov 28].


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