The Cardigan is handsome, powerful, small dog, capable of both speed and endurance, intelligent, sturdily built but not coarse. Their head should be refined under the sex, and the chest is deep. The eyes are medium to large and not bulging and ears are large and prominent in proportion to the size of the dog. The tail is set fairly low on body line and reaching well below hock. Their coat is medium but dense as it is double.
Country of Origin: Wales
AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 68 of 196
AKC Classification: Herding Group
UKC Classification: Herding Dog
Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day
Height: 10.5-12.5 inches
Weight: 30-38 pounds (male), 25-34 pounds (female)
Physical traits: Small, Sturdy, Heavy
Coat: Length: Medium
Characteristics: Double coat
Colors: Red, sable, brindle, blue merle, black, with or without tan points, white flashings common
Overall Grooming Needs: Low
Personality traits/Temperament: Affectionate, Loyal, Smart
Energy Level: Average
Tendency to Drool: Low
Tendency to Snore: Low
Tendency to Bark: High
Tendency to Dig: Low
Social/Attention Needs: High
The Cardigan is a very healthy breed. Their life expectancy is 12 to 15 years. Some dogs can develop itchy skin conditions where baths with a high-quality dog shampoo and conditioner is recommended. Flea control is also essential. They should be screened for health conditions such as hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and degenerative myelopathy. Do not let the Cardigan jump down off the bed or couch, and stairs which can be a hazard. At the first sign of any distress or discomfort, see the vet right away.
Cardigans are prone to become overweight easily. Careful monitoring of their weight is essential. Cardigan needs high-quality dog food for their activity level and nutritional demand. Two smaller meals a day rather than one large one will make the digestion smooth. Add a high-quality dog multivitamin to complete the nutritional circle. Consult with your veterinarian if your dog becomes overweight and change the diet immediately.
Early and regular socialization is the most important job for developing a happy, healthy Cardigan. Gently exposing the puppy to a wide range of people, places, and situations. This process goes on for a lifetime, but the rewards of a well-socialized dog are wonderful. Don’t tolerate inappropriate behavior and seek the help of a qualified trainer or behaviorist if there’s a problem you can’t correct.
The Cardigan is a very adaptable dog. They love to go with you for a hike and adventures. Use paw balm daily to protect their feet. They are a good indoor companion. They thrive on regular socialization, so going for walks in the neighborhood is important for many reasons. They require moderate exercise regularly and they are likely to perform various sporting events both indoor and outdoor.
The Corgi was named “cor” for dwarf and “gi” for dog. So, their name means “Dwarf Dog”
1. American Kennel Club. [accessed 2020 Nov 28]. https://www.akc.org/
2. Dog Breeds | Hill’s Pet. [accessed 2020 Nov 28]. https://www.hillspet.com/dog-care/breeds
3. List of Dog Breeds | Petfinder. [accessed 2020 Nov 28]. https://www.petfinder.com/dog-breeds/
4. All Dog Breeds - Complete List of Dog Profiles. [accessed 2020 Nov 28]. https://dogtime.com/dog-breeds/profiles
5. Dog Breeds | Types of Dogs | Purina. [accessed 2020 Nov 28]. https://www.purina.com/dogs/dog-breeds