Canaan Dog

Breed Summary

Canaan dog is a pariah type dog that is naturally alert, inquisitive, and watchful. They are distrustful of strangers and unfamiliar environments, yet loyal and loving with his family. Cannan is a medium size of the square dog, moderate and balanced without extremes, showing a clean outline. They move with athletic agility and grace in an efficient, ground-covering endurance trot. Their head is wedge-shaped with low-set erect ears and a high-set brushtail that curls over the back when confident. Their coat is dense, harsh, and straight of short to medium-length.

Country of Origin: Middle East

AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 179 of 196

AKC Classification: Herding Group

UKC Classification: Herding

Exercise Requirements: 20-40 Minutes/day

Height: Female: 19-23 in.; Male: 20-24 in.

Weight: Female: 35-45 lbs.; Male: 45-55 lbs.

Physical traits: Medium-sized, Square, Strong

Coat: Length: Medium

Characteristics: Dende, Harse, Straight

Colors: Black, Cream, Liver, Tan, Golden, Red

Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate

Personality traits/Temperament: Confident, Alert, Vigilant

Energy Level: Moderate

Tendency to Drool: Low

Tendency to Snore: Low

Tendency to Bark: High

Tendency to Dig: Low

Social/Attention Needs: Moderate


The Canaan dog is a healthy breed. Their life expectancy is 12 to 15 years. A responsible breeder needs to test their breeding stock for certain health disorders such as eye problems, cardiac diseases, joint and bone problems, etc. As with all breeds, a Canaan Dog’s ears should be checked regularly for signs of infection, and the teeth should be brushed often, using a toothpaste designed for dogs. Some dogs can develop itchy skin conditions where baths with a high-quality dog shampoo and conditioner is recommended. Flea control is also essential.


The Canaan dog depends on high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared. Add a high-quality dog multivitamin to complete the nutritional circle. Provide a diet according to the different stages of a dog (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so monitor your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Don’t give human foods that are not safe for them. Consult with your veterinarian for further advice.


Canaan dogs are sensitive, affectionate, responsive, and devoted family companions. They are highly intelligent and readily trained. They are adaptable to most climates and living situations. Early socialization and puppy training classes are a must for this breed. This is a process that should begin with the breeder and continue with the new owner and helps to ensure a well-mannered and well-adjusted dog both at home and in public. A harsh training session will develop a negative effect on Canaan’s sensitive nature.


Canaan dogs are athletic and energetic. They require a moderate amount of exercise and can adapt well to various living situations when given daily outings. Training for dog sports provides an ideal outlet for their energy. They can also make great jogging and hiking companions. Use paw balm daily to protect their feet. The breed exercises mind and body by participating in obedience, tracking, herding, agility, nose work, carting, and coursing ability tests.

Fun Fact

Canaan Dogs served as messengers, helpers, sentry dogs and land mine detectors. They were called to service again during World War II.


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