Breed Summary

The Boxer is a medium to a large, short-haired, square-built dog of good substance. They have a short back, strong limbs, and short, tight-fitting, smooth coat. The coat color varies from fawn, brindled, or white, with or without white markings. They are muscular and very energetic. The broad, blunt muzzle is the distinctive feature of this breed. The gait is firm yet elastic, the stride free and ground-covering, the carriage proud. They are developed in Germany to serve as guard, working, and companion dogs. They combine strength and agility with elegance and style.

Country of Origin: Germany

AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 11 of 196

AKC Classification: Working Group

UKC Classification: Guardian Dog

Exercise Requirements: >40 minutes/day

Height: Female: 21.5-23.5 inches; Male: 23-25 inches

Weight: Female: 50-65 lbs.; Male: 65-80 lbs.

Physical traits: Medium-sized, Square-built, Short-haired

Coat: Length: Short

Characteristics: Flat

Colors: Fawn, brindle, with or without white flashing and black mask

Overall Grooming Needs: Low

Personality traits/Temperament: Bright, Fun-Loving, Active

Energy Level: Very energetic

Tendency to Drool: High

Tendency to Snore: Moderate

Tendency to Bark: Low

Tendency to Dig: Low

Social/Attention Needs: High


The Boxer is a very energetic, strong and courageous breed, but has some serious health issues. Their life expectancy is 10 to 12 years. They do not have a high tolerance for either extreme heat or cold, and they should always be kept inside the house. Boxers are prone to certain health conditions like cancers, heart conditions such as aortic stenosis and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, and degenerative myelopathy and epilepsy; other conditions that may be seen are bloat, intestinal problems, and allergies. A regular check-up is necessary to avoid these problems. Some dogs can develop itchy skin conditions where baths with a high-quality dog shampoo and conditioner is recommended. Flea control is also essential.


The Boxer dog depends on high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared. Add a high-quality dog multivitamin to complete the nutritional circle. Provide a diet according to the different stages of a dog (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so monitor your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Don’t give human foods that are not safe for them. Consult with your veterinarian for further advice.


Early socialization and puppy training classes are vital in channeling the Boxer’s energy and exuberance positively. They are highly intelligent but can become bored with repetition. They have a mind of their own and are excellent problem solvers. Not always tolerant of other dogs of the same sex, most Boxers of opposite sexes enjoy each other’s company. Boxers excel in a wide range of canine sports, including obedience, agility, and herding, and they perform brilliantly in roles such as drug detection and search-and-rescue.


As an athletic breed, proper exercise and conditioning are important for the continued health and longevity of the Boxer. They are very playful, high-energy dogs. They need ample exercise every day, on a leash, or in a securely fenced area. Use paw balm daily to protect their feet. The Boxer must never be allowed to run loose. Because the Boxer is a powerful, active, and playful dog, he may not be the best choice for a very frail adult, nor for a small child who could be overwhelmed by a well-meaning but bouncy puppy.

Fun Fact

Boxer dogs were used by the military in World War II as guard dogs, messenger dogs and attack dogs.


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