Border Collie

Breed Summary

The Border Collie is a well-balanced, medium-sized athletic dog. They have a hard, muscular body that conveys the impression of their effortless movement and endless endurance. They are intelligent, keen, give an alert expression which is a very important characteristic of this breed. Their eyes are moderate, oval, and set well apart, and they have medium-sized ears, and the skull is flat and moderate in width.

Country of Origin: United Kingdom

AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 35 of 196

AKC Classification: Herding Group

UKC Classification: Herding Dog

Exercise Requirements: >40 minutes/day

Height: Male: 22 inches; Female: 20 inches

Weight: Male: 30–45 lbs. Female: 30–42 lbs.

Physical traits: Well-balanced, Medium-sized, Athletic

Coat: Length: Medium

Characteristics: Double coat, straight

Colors: Black with or without white, red and white, solid color, bi-color, tri-color, merle, sable

Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate

Personality traits/Temperament: Affectionate, Smart, Energetic

Energy Level: Very Energetic

Tendency to Drool: Low

Tendency to Snore: Low

Tendency to Bark: High

Tendency to Dig: Low

Social/Attention Needs: Moderate

Life Expectancy: 12-15 years


The Border Collie is a very hardy and healthy breed. There life expectancy is 12 to 15 years. Early tooth loss or complications from gum infection is a common condition in Border Collie if dental care and regular tooth brushing are not properly given. To avoid ear infections, regular ear cleaning is recommended. Some dogs can develop itchy skin conditions where baths with a high-quality dog shampoo and conditioner is recommended. Flea control is also essential. An excellent breeder will examine their breeding stock for several health conditions like hip dysplasia, progressive renal atrophy, deafness, epilepsy, collie eye anomaly, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, and trapped neutrophil syndrome.


The Border Collie dog depends on high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared. Add a high-quality dog multivitamin to complete the nutritional circle. Provide a diet according to the different stages of a dog (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so monitor your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Don’t give human foods that are not safe for them. Consult with your veterinarian for further advice.


Border Collie requires early socialization training because positive exposure to a wide variety of people and situations from early puppyhood through about seven months will make them a well-mannered dog. During their early age, obedience training needs to start and continues throughout the Collie’s life that will keep him happy and provide mental stimulation. They are highly intelligent and highly trainable and are superstars at canine activities such as herding, obedience, and agility.


Border Collie is a high-drive and very much energetic breed that requires regular exercise beyond just a walk around the block or a quick romp in the yard. A Border Collie must be provided with vigorous exercise every day who doesn’t work. Use paw balm daily to protect their feet. This breed is for an active owner, and not for someone who prefers to stay indoors or who travels away from home frequently. They often take part in many herding events, not to mention obedience, agility, and tracking competitions, and sports such as flying disc and flyball.

Fun Fact

Queen Victoria was a true dog lover who took a liking to many breeds, but in the early 1860s she became an active Border Collie enthusiast.


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