Bichon Frise

Breed Summary

A Bichon Frise is a small breed of dog of the Bichon type. It is a small, sturdy, white powder puff of a dog with a slightly rounded skull. The muzzle is not pointy, and the plumed tail is carried over the back. The length of the Bichon is longer than the height. Their head is well- proportioned to their bodies, and drop ears. Their nose is pronounced and black and their eyes are dark and round.

Country of Origin: France

AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 46 of 196

AKC Classification: Non-Sporting Group

UKC Classification: Companion Dog

Exercise Requirements: 20-40 Minutes/day

Height: Female: 9-11 inches.; Male: 9-11 inches.

Weight: Female: 7-12 lbs.; Male: 7-12 lbs.

Physical traits: Small, Sturdy, White powder puff

Coat: Length: Medium

Characteristics: Curly

Colors: White with shadings of cream, buff or apricot

Overall Grooming Needs: High

Personality traits/Temperament: Playful, Curious, Peppy

Energy Level: Moderate

Tendency to Drool: Low

Tendency to Snore: Low

Tendency to Bark: Moderate

Tendency to Dig: Low

Social/Attention Needs: High

Life Expectancy: 14-15 years


Bichons are a healthy dog. Their life expectancy is 14 to 15 years. Early tooth loss or complications from gum infection is a common condition in Bichon if dental care and regular tooth brushing are not properly given. Some dogs can develop itchy skin conditions where baths with a high-quality dog shampoo and conditioner is recommended. Flea control is also essential. A responsible breeder will screen breeding stock for health conditions such as allergies, bladder infections, luxating patella, and cataracts, and other eye diseases. To avoid ear infections, regular ear cleaning is recommended.


The Bichon Frise Dog depends on high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared. Add a high-quality dog multivitamin to complete the nutritional circle. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so monitor your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Don’t give human foods that are not safe for them. Consult with your veterinarian for further advice.


Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended for Bichon Frise breed. Bichon has a reputation for being difficult to housebreak. Bichons are very easy to train. They love to perform tricks and learn new ones quickly. They respond very well to training based on positive rewards, rather than harsh or negative methods. A Bichon needs to be with his family, and undesirable behaviors are likely to result if he is regularly left alone for long periods of time.


The Bichon is classified as “somewhat active,” but that’s an average. Daily play sessions, besides walks, are required for Bichon. Use paw balm daily to protect their feet. Another dog can be a fine exercise companion, but the Bichon will still need quality playtime with his owner. A fenced-in backyard is an excellent idea; Bichons are fast, and if one makes a dash for freedom, he may be difficult to catch or to call back to you. Many Bichon enjoys taking part in obedience, agility, and rally competitions.

Fun Fact

For the owner who has allergies they make the perfect companion. They have a thick double layer coat which doesn’t shed, which means there is no unwanted dog hair around the house.


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