American Eskimo

Breed Summary

The American Eskimo Dog is a combination of striking good looks with a quick and clever mind. They are not shy or aggressive, but Eskies are always alert and friendly, though a bit conservative while making a new friend. The Eskie is a northern breed, with a thick white or buff double coat. Their ears are triangular-shaped with a wedge-shaped head and a tail that curls over the back. Eskimo’s are compactly built and well balanced, with a smooth gait. Their rump and hind legs are down to the hocks and covers with thicker, longer hair forming the characteristic breeches.

Country of Origin: Germany

AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 122 of 196

AKC Classification: Non-sporting group

UKC Classification: Northern Breeds

Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day

Height: Male: Toy, 10-12 in.; Miniature, 12-15 in.; Standard, 15-19 in / Female: Toy, 9-12 in.; Miniature, 12-14 in.; Standard, 14-18 in.

Weight: Male: Toy, 8-11 lbs.; Miniature, 12-21 lbs.; Standard, 22-40 lbs / Female: Toy, 6-9 lbs.; Miniature, 10-19 lbs.; Standard, 20-35 lbs.

Coat: Length: Medium

Characteristics: Double coat

Colors: White or white with “biscuit cream,” edges

Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate

Physical traits: Medium-sized, Compact, Smooth gait

Personality traits/Temperament: Playful, Perky, Smart

Energy Level: Average

Tendency to Drool: Low

Tendency to Snore: Low

Tendency to Bark: Moderate

Tendency to Dig: Moderate

Social/Attention Needs: High

Life Expectancy: 13-15 years

Health Care

Like other small to medium-sized dogs, Eskimo’s are overall healthy breeds. A responsible breeder should check his or her breeding stock for health issues such as hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy regularly. As with all breeds, an Eskie’s ears should be checked weekly to remove debris and avoid a build-up of wax. The dog’s teeth should be brushed regularly to avoid certain dental diseases like dental tarter, halitosis, etc.


The American Eskimo dog comes in different sizes, including Toy, Miniature, and Standard, which results in a variation in your dog's caloric requirements. The American Eskimo Dog performed on high-quality dog food, which either commercially manufactured or home-prepared. Add a high quality multivitamin to complete the nutritional circle. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). For example, an adult Eskie with 13 lbs. weight might require 492 to 568 kCal/day to perform their moderate level of activity. Some adult and senior dogs are prone to getting overweight if they continuously fed on a high-calorie diet. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause overweight. Consult with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet.


Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended for Eskies. The American Eskimo Dog is the most trainable dog of all breeds. They perform in the circus. They are highly intelligent and eager to please and a brilliant companion to humans. They are a quick learner to learn new commands, even just by watching other dogs. An Eskie craves interaction with his owners and will develop problem behaviors if left alone too often for long periods of time.


Like other breeds, the Eskie requires a lot of exercise and mental challenges. An Eskie can quickly become destructive who is left alone or who doesn’t get enough exercise. They shouldn’t be left alone in the yard by themselves all day. A securely fenced yard and an assortment of toys will help provide excellent exercise and stimulation to keep an Eskie out of trouble. The Eskie is an indoor dog, and he forms strong interaction with their family.

Fun Fact

They are the most trainable of all breeds. Also they are not actually from America. They originated in Germany and descended from the German Spitz. The dogs that would become the American Eskimo Dog came to the United States with their German immigrant owners.

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