Australian Cattle Dog

Image by Judi Neumeyer
Image by Kenney Badboy

Breed summary


The Australian cattle dog is sturdy, compact, and solid on its feet. This breed has a strong head and slightly curved, broad skull. Their cheeks are muscular, and the muzzle and jaws powerful in appearance. Their medium-sized, pricked ears, suspicious glint and strong teeth give the cattle dog a slightly intimidating demeanor. The general appearance is that of a strong compact, symmetrically built working dog, with the ability and willingness to carry out his allotted task however arduous. This breed has a combination of substance, power, balance, and hard muscular condition which gives them an impression of great agility, strength, and endurance.



Australian Cattle Dogs are very athletic canines and require good nutrition to meet his needs. The diets can be commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval to fulfill the requirements. Any diet should include ingredients according to a different dog’s stage (puppy, adult, or senior). Don’t give human food, which is not safe for them. Consult with your veterinarian if any problems arise.



Length: Short

Characteristics: Double coat, straight

Colors: Blue or blue-mottled with or without other markings, red speckled

Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate

Health Concerns


The Australian Cattle Dog is generally a healthy breed with above-average life expectancy. But still, they develop certain health conditions like deafness, progressive retinal atrophy, which causes vision loss; and hip dysplasia. The breeder needs to check the hip and eyes before breeding. Their ears need to be checked regularly to remove foreign matter and avoid a buildup of wax, as well as their teeth, should be brushed regularly.




Early socialization and obedience training required for the Australian Cattle Dog. They are a highly intelligent, smart, and energetic breed that is only thrilled when on the job. This can represent an enormous time commitment by the owner, but participation together fosters a bond between you and your dog, and it’s fun for both of you. They can easily get bored or become destructive if proper training can’t be given.



As a proactive, high-energy dog, the Australian Cattle Dog requires more than just a quick walk and playtime in the yard. They really need a job in order to remain happy and live healthily. They are developed and plays the role of herding dog. They happily go with his owner for routine work like running, walking to burn his energy. This breed takes part in canine activities such as obedience or agility, and different dog sports that channel the breed’s drive and abundant energy in a fun way.


Country of Origin: Australia

AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 55 of 196

AKC Classification: Foundation Stock Service

UKC Classification: Herding Dog

Exercise Requirements: >40 minutes/day

Height: Female: 18 inches; Male: 19 inches

Weight: Female: 35-45 lbs; Male: 35-45 lbs.

Physical traits: Strong, Compact, Sturdy

Personality traits/Temperament: Alert, Curious, Pleasant

Energy Level: Very energetic

Tendency to Drool: Low

Tendency to Snore: Low

Tendency to Bark: Low

Tendency to Dig: Low

Social/Attention Needs: Moderate

Life Expectancy: 12-15 years


Fun fact

This smart breed was developed by Australian settlers to handle herds of cattle on expansive ranches, they are still used today as a herding dogs.